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Diabetic Eye Exams
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There’s More to Your Vision than Meets The Eye

Your eyes are an intricate network of unique systems all working together to provide your vision. However, certain health conditions can affect these systems throughout your life, and one of the most common is diabetes.

Comprehensive diabetic eye exams can help detect a range of eye health problems associated with diabetes. If we notice these issues early enough, we can help manage their progression and possibly preserve your sight.

If you have diabetes, get the help you deserve and book an appointment today.

How Diabetes Affects Your Eye Health

So, how does diabetes affect your eyes?

First of all, diabetes affects how well your body manages sugar levels in your bloodstream. If your blood sugar levels are unstable, it can affect your blood vessels and increase your risk of numerous diseases, including some eye diseases.

We can detect these issues early in their development by examining your eyes regularly. In some cases, you may be able to manage issues with medication and specific lifestyle changes with the help of your general practitioner.

Common Diabetes-Related Eye Diseases

Unstable blood sugar levels affect the blood vessels in your eye’s retina, the area at the back of your eye that collects light for your brain to perceive as vision.

Over time, diabetes can increase the risk of eye diseases like diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, and open-angle glaucoma.

You may experience blurry vision when your blood sugar levels are unstable, but this might go away once your blood sugar returns to a normal level.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when unstable blood sugar levels affect the vessels in your retina, causing them to bulge, break, and leak fluids. These fluids can damage your retina and lead to permanent vision loss over time.

In advanced cases, your retina may grow abnormal blood vessels to help with blood flow through your retina. However, these vessels can also break easily. Over time, these abnormal vessels may lead to scar tissue on your retina and increase your risk of a retinal detachment.

Diabetic macular edema can occur alongside diabetic retinopathy, but it affects a part of your retina called the macula. As fluids leak from your retina’s blood vessels, they can accumulate under your macula and cause it to swell.

Your macula is the centermost part of your retina, responsible for providing the central vision you use to see fine details. As your macula swells, your central vision may become distorted over time, and eventually, you could experience permanent vision loss.

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that affect your optic nerve (the part of the eye that sends visual signals to the brain). The most common version of the disease is open-angle glaucoma, and diabetes could double your risk of developing it.

There are a few theories on how diabetes increases the risk of open-angle glaucoma. One of the most common is when blood sugar affects your retina’s blood vessels. As a result, your eyes may grow new blood vessels that could block your eye’s drainage system, increasing pressure in your eyes and damaging your optic nerve.

Preserve Your Vision Today

Diabetes isn’t the only health condition that could affect your eye health. Find out how we can help you preserve your vision and book an appointment with the team at Eyetopia today.

Where to Find Us

Find us on the Southeast corner of El Camino Real and the San Tomas Expressway. We’re right next to T-Mobile and the Hanin Federal Credit Union.

Our Address

  • 2366 El Camino Real, Suite #5
  • Santa Clara, CA 95050

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